Albert S. Osborn

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Albert Sherman Osborn was the first President of the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners.

Born in 1858 on a farm near Grass Lake, Mr Osborn was the second of six children.  In Grass Lake, he did the usual farm labour and attended the nearby country school.  Farm life didn’t appeal to him so he attended the State College.

In the summer of 1882, he received a letter from the Rochester Business Institute, offering him a position as a teacher of penmanship.  It was from this early beginning as a teacher of handwriting that Mr. Osborn extended his interests to the identification of handwriting, typewriting, paper and ink.

By 1920, his business had grown so big that he moved from Rochester to New York City where he opened an office and began devoting his entire time to questioned document work.

In 1942, the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners was found with Mr. Osborn as its first president, a position he held for four years.

Mr Osborn sadly died in 1946. His books Questioned DocumentsThe Problem of ProofThe Mind of the Juror and Questioned Document Problems display how to identify styles of handwriting and typescript with inks and writing instruments.


Click here to hear me read:


Words that need clarification:

Penmanship: the art or skill of writing by hand

Devoting: give all or most of one’s time or resources to (a person or activity)

Handwriting Analysis Interview Script

Interviewer is played by Isabel

Scientist is played by Zoe ( lady pen lift)

“Hello, I’m the interviewer and on the show we will be interviewing Lady Pen Lift.”

“What has your experience been with handwriting analysis?”

“Once someone tried to fake my lovely handwriting and I called the forensic science team, I saw them comparing my handwriting to the fogery. My handwriting had a much more fancier print and was neater then the other sample.”

“Why did they copy your handwriting?”

“They had a fake ID and they wanted to go on a trip over sea’s and they had to copy my handwriting.”

“Name 5 of the 12 characteristics you use to analyze handwriting samples?”

” We look for terrible spacing, some fancy letters, if the writing is on the base line, shading and the pen pressure and the line quality is it smooth or shaky.”

“How did you find this out?”

“Well, the forensic science team contacted me and said someone had been copying my handwriting.”

“We thank you for letting us interview you Lady Pen Lift.”

CSI vs Reality

The CSI people have in their labs dim blue lights like on the TV. They have less light in the labs which is harder to look at the fingerprints. They always jump to conclusions like when they find two fingerprints that match they say we got the culprit. They rush their investigations an don’t go into good detail, they have really high tech gadgets like on the TV that you will not find in real labs and they have less people in the lab then real life.The reality scientist have bright lights in their labs so they can see and do the investigation properly. They need lots of light because if you have lots of light in the lab it will help you more because it is brighter than the dim lights in CSI. In reality they use lots of DNA samples because it gets them closer to finding the culprit of a crime. In reality the language is different to CSI because reality say similar to while CSI say a pair. Reality take there time in there investigations because they want to get everything right and to get as much evidence as possible to help them. Reality work as a team and they have more people in the lab then CSI. Some things that they both have in common are they use most of the same equipment. Eg: microscopes. They use the same methods for investigating and they both take photographs.

Explorers Project


We have chosen Isobel Bennet. She is a marine biologist.

Why and Work

One of the places Isobel worked on is the Great Barrier Reef. One of the foundations she helped was the Hermon Salde Raitea. And stopped pollution in the ocean.


We have decided to work with Zoe, Ella and Ignacia. I decided to work with Zoe because Zoe and I don’t go silly or crazy. Work seasonably but have fun. And Ignacia because we all work well together. And Ella because we would all bring information equally and contribute equally.



Some of the ways we might present our work would be museum box or prezi. And we are going to look for other ways to present this project that are different from other people.

Human Body Project Reflection

In term 2 the 5\6’s did group projects on the human body systems. I was doing the Nervous System with Lilly Tye and Matthias Foley. The skills that were needed in this group project were to work together and Share the work so everyone gets and equal amount of work. These are some of my notes from each of presentations.

Muscular System:  Ore, Alex and Ignacia

If you don’t have any leg or arm muscles you wouldn’t be able to walk or do any things that you would do in daily life. When you are moving around the muscles are helping you move around and do things because muscles help the movement of your body. When you are moving your arms and legs, fingers and toes, heads and shoulders the muscle is stretching out and expanding. There are three main types of muscles in the human body the cardiac, skeletal and smooth muscles. The smooth muscles are controlled by the nervous system.

Endocrine System: Ben, Madeleine and Imran

There are lots of cells in the human body but one of the millions of cells is a target cell. A target cell is part of the endocrine system. The Endocrine system also includes lots of glands but there is one main Endocrine gland and that’s called the thyroid gland. Some serious problems that involve the Endocrine System are Diabetes and Growth disorder. In a women’s body there is the liver and the pancreas which help the Endocrine System do its job and in a male’s body it is the heart and the glands. Did you know that glands produce hormones?

Lymphatic System: Eleanor, Devlin and Eamon

The lymphatic system is all around the body because of the organs and tissues that are all around the human body and that will help the body work. Some parts of the Lymphatic System are the tonsils, Spleen, Vessels and Lymph nodes. The Lymphatic System is part of your immune system. To keep your Lymphatic System healthy it is a good idea to start Yoga and Meditation also Laughing is good to keep the Lymphatic System healthy. Lymph nodes are these oval shaped spheres about the size of a bean seed but people think they would be white or a different colour but they are actually green. The Lymphatic System prevents you from being sick or getting sick because that is what the Lymphatic System or Immune Systems is all about and that’s its job. Doctor Gaspard Asselli found out about the Lymphatic System in 2216 BC.

Circulatory System: Afrah, Ece and Theo

One of the main organs in the Circulatory System is the heart which pumps the blood around the body which keeps us alive. It takes 20 seconds for the blood to pump from the heart to the rest of the body and then back to the heart. The heart is about the size of your fist depending on if you are older or younger because we have different size fists and the heart is a reddish colour with some blue cells. The heart can pump 70 times per minute and when the blood is going around the body the colour of your blood is a bright red colour. The Circulatory System involves the Heart and Lungs. If you are having problems with your heart the heart will make different sounds. William Harvey found out about the Circulatory System and how it works.

Digestive System: Julian, Eden and Ella

The role of the Digestive System is to break down the food we eat and then turn it into waste. The Digestive System includes these organs the Stomach, The Pancreas, The small intestine and Large intestine, the anus, the oesophagus, the rectum, Liver and the Gallbladder. The location of the digestive system is from the mouth down to the ribs and then to the left is the digestive systems location. Some problems that can affect the digestive system are Cancer it is mainly in the Gallbladder and diabetes which is found mainly in the Pancreas. The length of the small intestine is 6 metres long and the large intestine is 7 metres long.

Skeletal System: Jack, Bryn and Chloe

The Skeletal System is the bodies frame. The Skeletal System is mainly made up of bones. There are 206 different types of bones in the human body and there is also 6 different joints in the human body. The bones protect the organs like the Heart, Lungs, Spinal Cord and a heap more. One way to protect the Skeletal System is to eat and drink lots of calcium like Milk, Cheese, Yoghurt, Meat, Eggs, Fish and lots more. The 6 different joints are located at the Elbow and Knee, Top of the neck, Shoulder and Hip, joint of the thumb, Wrist joints and Ankles.

Urinary System: Isabel, Shakira and Tommy

The Urinary System includes the Kidneys, bladder, Urethra, ureters and the bladder. The Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that filter waste from the blood and produce urine. The Ureters are two thin tubes that take pee from the kidney to the bladder. The Bladder is a sac that holds pee until it’s time to go to the bathroom. The Urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body when you pee. The kidneys are soft and are red with a bit of brown. The Bladder is an organ just like the heart and lungs. The Urethra is only there when you are pregnant. Some problems to do with the urinary system are Kidney failure, Urinary incontinence, Bladder infection and Diabetes. Kidney Failure is when a situation in which the kidneys fail to function.  Urinary incontinence is when urine leaks. Bladder Infection is when A bacterial infection that affects any part of the urinary. Diabetes is when a person has high blood sugar, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. Did you know that ancient roman spies use urine as invisible ink.

Respiratory System: Thomas and Bailey

The respiratory system includes the nose, throat, voice box, windpipe, and lungs. When you are inside your mum your lungs start growing before you are even born because when you are born you need to breath or you won’t be alive when you are born. Some problems to do with the Respiratory System are Cancer, Asthma, Apnea of Prematurity and Bronchitis just to name a few because there is heaps more. Bronchitis is where an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes, the airways that connect the trachea (windpipe) to the lungs. This delicate, mucus-producing lining covers and protects the respiratory system, the organs and tissues involved in breathing. Apnea of Prematurity is where a baby is born but cannot get air into his or her lungs. Asthma is where Asthma is a lung condition that causes difficulty breathing, and it’s common among kids and teens. Symptoms include coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Anyone can have asthma, even infants, and the tendency to develop the condition is often inherited. Cancer is where Cancer happens when cells that are not normal grow and spread very fast. Normal body cells grow and divide and know to stop growing. Over time, they also die. Unlike these normal cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and don’t die when they’re supposed to and you can die from it.

Nervous System: Zoe, Lilly and Matthias

The Nervous System includes the Brain, the spinal cord and lots of nerve cells. There are millions and millions of nerve cells in the body because they are all around the body. The job of the nervous system is to send messages to the brain and to the nerve cells which help you to do things in daily life for example picking up a pencil or a piece of rubbish. The nervous system controls various organs in the human body such as the heart, kidneys and so much more. The nerve cells in the body can be called nerve nets and neurons. The nervous system will grow over time because we are growing and the spinal cord needs to get longer because we are growing taller. The nervous system is the main part of the human body. If you didn’t take care of the nervous system you will die because you need your brain to think and do things in daily life. Some diseases that affect the nervous system are Epilepsy, Multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s diseases and Muscular Dystrophy. Charles Bell was the first one to find out about the nervous system. By the time he was 22 he was a well know surgeon.

In conclusion, the 5\6’s have learnt a lot about the human body and what skills we need to use when doing a project in a group. We learnt to look after all of the different systems and some of us caned a lot of new knowledge that we haven’t know so this was a great experience. I would like to learn more about the human body because it is so interesting what is going on in our bodies and we get to learn things that we can’t see happen because it is inside of us. I really enjoyed working in a group and showing my knowledge to the class on how much I know about the human body.

Term 1 project Reflection

Make a list of the most important things you learnt.

I think I have gained lots of facts and information on China. I have a good understanding on China. I gained the confidents to go up in front of the whole class and read out my information. I learnt how to collect information and get the key facts and put them into my own words that I understand what I am reading.

What can you do that you couldn’t do before?

I couldn’t extend myself to find heaps of information. I also couldn’t read cue cards and look at the audience but I think I achieved my goal and did both at the same time. I couldn’t use PowerPoint that well but I worked it out with a little help from my classmates.

What or who helped me.

I used the internet to gather information. I used books from the libraries to get information that I couldn’t find on the internet. I used my teacher for questions I had and I asked my parents to help me on what things I should put in my PowerPoint.

3 understandings:

How to use PowerPoint.

How to write an introduction.

How to write cue cards in dot points.

2 wonderings:

How much as China’s population grown over the past month?

How much would the terracotta warriors cost in China today?

1 question:


How much money would it cost to go on a holiday to





Hall Street car park Moonee Ponds

This is an interview with my mum regarding the Hall Street car park in Moonee Ponds.

Do you agree with Moonee Valley Council attempts to have the owner`s Reading International Inc. develop the site or sell it?

 I totally agree, something needs to be done. I would prefer the car park to be fixed up and developed into more shops not as a high rise residential area.

 What is your opinion of the site in its current condition?

 It is ugly and dangerous for people who are walking through the car park. The ground is uneven and with many different surfaces like grass, gravel and concrete.